Diet affects training and competition performance. Attention to detail can make that vital difference between small margins of victory versus defeat. To summarise nutrition and sport performance in football, F-MARC convened a consensus group of experts in September 2005, These scientific findings were published in the Journal of Sport Sciences in 2006.
Additionally, a lay summary of the conference was prepared in the booklet “Nutrition for Football” – presenting vital topics of nutrition that would improve the health and performance of players worldwide. This booklet contains special messages for specific players (e.g., elite, amateur, females, young, travelling) and provides a summary of the importance of nutrition in football performance and health:
Although less common than in some (i.e. aesthetic) sports, recent findings show that football players are also dieting and suffering from the ‘Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport’ (RED-S); previously known as classic “triad” of eating disorders, menstrual dysfunction and stress fractures. The new term points to the complexity involved and the fact that male athletes are also affected. The cause of this syndrome is energy deficiency relative to the balance between dietary energy intake and energy expenditure required for health and activities of daily living, growth and sporting activities. Team doctors should have a basic knowledge of how to prevent RED-S and be aware of the warning signs.
1. Physical and metabolic demands of training and match play in the elite player – Bangsbo J, M Mohr, P Krustrup
2. Macronutrients and energy for training and recovery – Burke LM, A Loucks, N Broad
3. Nutrition on match day – Williams C, L Serratosa
4. Water and electrolyte needs for soccer training and match play – Shirreffs SM, M Sawka, M Stone
5. Promoting training adaptations through nutritional interventions – Hawley JA, KD Tipton, ML Millard-Stafford
6. Nutrition strategies for soccer: counteracting heat, cold, high altitude and jet lag – Armstrong LE
7. Alcohol and football – Maughan RJ
8. Dietary supplements for soccer – Hespel P, RJ Maughan, PL Greenhaff
9. Nutritional strategies to counter stress to the immune system in athletes, with special reference to soccer – Nieman DC, NC Bishop
10. The brain and fatigue: new opportunities for nutrition interventions – Meeusen R, P Watson, J Dvorak
11. Nutrition needs of female and youth soccer player – Rosenbloom C
12. Nutrition needs of the soccer referee – Reilly T, W Gregson